Hemangiomas of Infancy
Hemangiomas are a type of birthmark that occur in about 10% of children. While they are often visible at birth, some hemangiomas will take several weeks or months to become visible. They are usually found on the face, head or neck and affect girls more often than boys. Once they begin to appear, they usually continue to grow for a period of between 6 to 18 months, with roughly 50% of hemangiomas regressing by five years of age. Traditionally, parents are told, “Just leave it alone and it will go away by itself.” This may not be good advice. While some hemangiomas will resolve by themselves over a period of months or years, some persist or grow. For those hemangiomas that pose a significant health risk, treatment should be started as soon as possible. If you or your child has a hemangioma, the specialists at Advanced DermCare will provide you with information about the type of lesion, expected course and best course of action. We will work with you to assess the risk of serious complications and cosmetic disfigurement, coming up with an individualized management plan. In some cases, this may simply require close monitoring, while in others, we will expedite referral to a multidisciplinary clinic that specializes in managing complicated hemangiomas and other vascular lesions in children. For more information about hemangioma, click here: http://www.hemangiomatreatment.org/
Port Wine Stains
Port wine stains (PWS) are found in approximately 0.3% of births and occur as often in males as in females. They may cause disfiguring purple discoloration of the face. Recent data suggests that some types of port wine stains form due to a defect in the nerves regulating blood vessels in the area where the stain is found. These faulty nerves don’t signal the blood vessels to constrict properly, causing blood to pool in the affected area. Laser treatments may be effective on these areas to reduce the amount of pooling and discoloration. In addition, some PWS such as those around the eye may be associated with serious internal complications such as eye problems and seizures. For more information about PWS, click here: http://www.birthmark.org/port_wine_stains.php
Warts are very common growths that usually appear on the skin of the hands, feet, knees or elbows of children and young adults, however they may appear elsewhere and affect all age groups. Warts are caused by a virus know as HPV, or human papilloma virus. They are contagious and may take as long as 12 months after exposure to appear. There are a variety of treatment options available for people who suffer from warts. Your Advanced DermCare physician will examine the warts and their location in order to make the best possible choice of treatment for you. http://dermnetnz.org/viral/viral-warts.html
These raised, pearly white skin papules (bumps) are caused by a highly contagious virus and spread by direct skin-to-skin contact. Children are most commonly infected, and may have more widespread lesions if they have underlying eczema or a weakened immune system. Most cases of molluscum will self-resolve over time, but treatment is often advised to speed up clearance, reduce the risk of complications such as secondary infection, scarring and discomfort. If your child has been diagnosed with molluscum or has wart-like bumps spreading on his or her skin, schedule an appointment for evaluation and safe, simple treatment.
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